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Complete List and Description of First Aid / Emergency Items

 
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Old 14 Jan 2016, 09:09 pm
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Join Date: Dec 2015
Location: Down Under (Straya)
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Exclamation Complete List and Description of First Aid / Emergency Items

A thread was started regarding first aid, first aid kits and emergency items to keep in an automobile. I thought it would be useful to the forum if a complete resource was available. There is a lot of mismatched terminology used among first responders regarding the types of and uses of different bandages and dressings. I've provided explanations of each entry. I keep some or all of these in my workplace, at home and in my car.

Of all these items, an emergency tool by a reputable manufacturer is key. Rescuing or escaping from vehicles using a glass breaker and safety belt cutter combo is vital in many types of road accidents

In First Aid remember the acronym: DRSABCD (see LionPT's post below)
Immediately, or with an assistant:
Call 911 In Amercia!
Call 000 In Australia!
Call 112 in Europe!
Call 999 in UK!

General Emergency Equipment
  • Reflective Vest (for entering emergency highway/freeway situations)
  • Safety Triangles (minimum three. For warning and closing off the emergency to incoming traffic).
  • Crank Powered Flashlight (during night time situations, high powered. Keep in glove box)
  • Emergency Tool (for cutting safety belts, breaking glass, etc. KEEP IN GLOVE BOX!)
  • Multi-Tool (self defense, etc. Keep in glove box)
  • Small Tool-Kit (miniature claw hammer, adjustable wrench/spanner, adjustable screwdriver w/ bit set, small socket set, vernier gauge/calipers, magnetic pick up/light tool, fuses, valve caps, etc)
  • Jumper Cables
  • Fire Extinguisher
Personal Protection Equipment
  • Disposable Nitrile Gloves (hypo-allergenic, latex free, one use only)
  • Safety Goggles (if eye protection is necessary)
  • Damp Cotton Clothing (if dealing with a fire. Use water on clothes)
  • Pocket CPR Mask (one way valve, more effective than mouth-to-mouth)
  • Hand Sanitizer (used before touching a victim)
  • Sunscreen (for emergency beach trips)
First Aid Tools
  • Safety shears (for removing clothing. Blunt tip, won't harm)
  • Scissors (general purpose)
  • Tweezers (removing foreign objects if practicable)
  • Penlight (assessing the victim)
  • Safety Pins (securing bandages or custom splints)
  • Ice cream sticks (for hand and finger splint immobilization)
Coverings
Adhesive Bandages (known as bandaids. Sterile two-in-one, adherant bandage with dressing layer. For minor wounds)
  • Fingertip
  • Knuckles
  • Knee/Elbow
  • Standard strips
Dressings (sterile, non adherent, direct to wound)
  • Gauze Pad (varies in size and shape)
  • Gauze Roll (varies in lengths and diameters)
  • Abdominal Pad (for serious injuries, must be in every car first aid kit)
  • Eye Pad (for injuries to the eye. If impaled, DO NOT remove object)
Bandages (non sterile, used to secure gauze dressings, splint or immobilize)
  • Crepe Roll (varies in lengths and diameters)
  • Adhesive Roll (applies over dressings and sticks to skin)
  • Triangular (for immobilization and custom injuries)
Treatment / Medication
NOTE: Medication Cannot be prescribed by a first aider, a paramedic must enforce this. Keep these items for personal or family use only. You may assist a victim in administering their OWN EpiPen or inhaler in emergencies.
  • Pain medications (for treating headaches or other pain)
  • EpiPen (single use adrenaline shot. For treating allergy or anaphylaxis)
  • Inhaler (for treating an asthma attack
Cleaning
  • Anti-Septics (wipes, spray, hydrogen peroxide, etc.
Applicators
  • Tissues (cleaning)
  • Cotton balls (cleaning, in conjunction with tweezers, applying anti-septics)
  • Cotton buds/Q-Tips (cleaning, applying anti-septics)
  • Water (cleaning, hydration, cooling)
Thermal
  • Chemical Cold Pack (one use, follow instructions)
  • Chemical Heat Pack (one use, follow instructions)
  • Emergency Blanket (treating those with shock, hypothermia, etc)
This may not be an exhaustive list, I'm sure I'll think of more later. Please feel free to comment below

Last edited by 917K; 15 Jan 2016 at 08:07 am.
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Old 15 Jan 2016, 07:54 am
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Default Re: Complete List and Description of First Aid / Emergency Items

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